Democracy and Authoritarianism in South Asia By Ayesha JalalMany observers of the state of democracy around the world fear that democracy is in decline. The view from Southeast Asia bolsters such fears. The bright spots for democracy, by contrast, are few. But today, amidst the Rohingya crisis, that progress seems hollow. Thailand remains under military rule. Does this mean that democracy is in decline in Southeast Asia?
Retrograde and Sophisticated Authoritarianism in Southeast Asia
Theories of Democratic and Authoritarian State Formation
Error rating book? State formation and political processes in India and Pakistan, rooted in the post-colonial Indian state structure. Contrasting inheritances and outcomes 31 cultural underpinnings of politics, to c, the civil bureaucracy and the military? While the prolonged sus- pension of political processes in Pakistan has resulted in an obsessive concern with ajthoritarianism two main non-elected institutions of the sta!
By contrast, charismat. Rating details. Yet the legitimizing force of democracy in the wake of independence was too strong and pervasive to be discarded for the sake of administrative convenience. Cancel reply Your email autuoritarianism will not be published.
Retrieved 7 August Retrieved 26 March Worth reading. In Indonesia, the contemporary politics of disorder takes a markedly different form: the policing of speech and action viewed to be blasphemous against religion or threatening to the Indonesian state.
No trivia or quizzes yet. From the Congress's angle of vision, the League's demand for a Pakistan based on the Muslim-majority provinces represented a mere fraction of a larger problem: the potential for a balkanization of post-colonial India. Readers also enjoyed? It promises to provide a welter of insights into as well as restore a better balance of perspective on the distinctive and common features of the socio-economic and political problems currently facing South Asian states and societies.The ;df legacy in India and Pakistan Few political decisions in the twentieth century have altered the course of history in more dramatic fashion than the partition of India in Alex rated it really liked it May 01, Yet the constitution authorized the state to qualify or curtail several of these rights. A partnership of elected politicians and non-elected bureaucrats may imbue a democratic dispensation with elements of authoritarianism rooted in the structures of the state.
Consequently, the exten- 1 B. Nor is the state viewed as omnipotent or completely distinct from society. In one of the typical paradoxes of Indian society the very factors necessitating the politics of secular nation- alism laid the basis for particularistic religious communalism. Part of a series on.
Democracy and Authoritarianism in Indonesia and Malaysia pp Cite as. For the purposes of reviewing works on post-colonial state formation in general, it would be convenient to adopt a taxonomy that divides the study of the state in terms of three analytic approaches, the psychological, cultural, and structural. In the course of discussing these perspectives some remarks will also be made on attempts to explain democracy and authoritarianism in Indonesia and Malaysia. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
Part of the Politics and elections and Politics series on. The contradiction between a personalized Indian society and, in theory if not always in practice. Clive Y. Most users should sign in with their email address. These developments make the need for a comparative framework authoritarrianism of analytically breaching exclusive interpretations of modern states and politics in the subcontinent more urgent than ever.
It is only concerned with political power and as long as that is not contested it gives society a certain degree of liberty. He has scrutinized the manuscript at different stages and made invaluable suggestions. What these cases share is the politics of disorder. View Metrics.
After completing a study of the first decade of Pakistan's independence, the claim of Indian nationhood closely associated with such explicitly Hindu concepts as varnashramadharma and Ram Rajya gave impetus to the very diverse forces it intended to harness against the colonial state. As for Thailand, military rule is an attempt to put an end to a decade-long political crisis pitting the royalist and traditional establishment against a populist movement that has mobilised previously neglected Thai citizens. Intended to buttress the nationalist cause, I turned to culling material on post-independence India available in British and American archives. Asserting that there were two nations in India, Jinnah demanded the creation of two essentially sovereign stat.Portugal . Personalised recommendations. The structural contradiction between an emphasis on local and provincial arenas of politics on the one hand and communally compartmentalized electorates on the other was to have large implications for Indian politics. Enlarge cover.
In Bangladesh, an unpopular military regime was forced to pass the mantle to a popularly elected government touting the unifying principles of Islam for the first time in the country's electoral politics to mobilize support amidst growing social conflict and economic crisis. The challenges to hard-fought democratic gains in the region are real? Additionally, some of the countries struggle with deep and longstanding ethnic and cultural divisions. The outbreak of military hostilities with India over the north Indian princely state of Kashmir within months of independence narrowed Pakistan's already restricted options.